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Paper Reading : The Impacts of Data, Ordering, and Intrinsic Dimensionality on Recall in HNSW

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Paper Reading : The Impacts of Data, Ordering, and Intrinsic Dimensionality on Recall in HNSW event
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https://arxiv.org/abs/2405.17813

The Paper discovers that the recall of approximate HNSW search, in comparison to exact K Nearest Neighbours (KNN) search, is linked to the vector space's intrinsic dimensionality and significantly influenced by the data insertion sequence. Our methodology highlights how insertion order, informed by measurable properties such as the pointwise Local Intrinsic Dimensionality (LID) or known categories, can shift recall by up to 12 percentage points. We also observe that running popular benchmark datasets with HNSW instead of KNN can shift rankings by up to three positions for some models. This work underscores the need for more nuanced benchmarks and design considerations in developing robust vector search systems using approximate vector search algorithms. This study presents a number of scenarios with varying real world applicability which aim to better increase understanding and future development of ANN algorithms and embedding